ECOLOGY



The current panorama is not very encouraging, neither in the
world environment, nor in the  national environment: effect hothouse,
destruction of the ozone layer, increase of the forest fires, shortage and
contamination of the hydric resources, climatic changes, bad distribution of
alimentary resourses, extinction of vegetable and animal species, etc.
Logically, all these phenomenons impact in a direct or indirect way, but
negatively, on thediversity or biodiversity biological (word very useful at the
moment) of our planet. We are not really able to estimate the consequences of
this whole process, since the loss of plants, animals and microorganisms, in
other words the genetic wealth that it contains and those entangled ecosystems
that constitute, are the potential source of huge material wealth, many of them
still without exploding, either in form of foods, medicines or other substances
of commercial interest.
Today, it is urgent the necessity to protect and even more necessary is its
study and detailed knowledge that allows us a correct administration in our
political of conservation; it is time that we meditate on the important words
poured by the grateful entomologist Dr. BERNARD D'ABRERA: "As the environment is being destroyed, the capacity of investigation the future
generations of scientific and naturalists will be limited to the few Museums
that are on foot."


The conservation of animal species, if not but, a partial activity inside
another general one as it is it the biological conservation. But, when trying on
the conservation of animal species or when preserving the values that the fauna
can offer, it has always been made the serious mistake that is of considering
with exclusivity to the vertebrate  and in particular those provided of
hair and feathers, and it has forgotten the existence of more modest beings but
not less important. To restore our ecosystem, you will the control the
preservation and care of the inferior organisms ", as the fundamental link
of the biological chain that constitute the flora and fauna.

The  more developed countries  have already taken conscience of these
irreversible damages; their investigators and governments have worked and they
work for knowing their entomological fauna, their distribution and current
situation. Knowledge that have been indispensable tools for the elaboration of
their legislatures of protection of the spineless ones and establishment of
protection areas.
But, which the current state of knowledge is on the entomological fauna in the
Argentina? Which have the lines of political conservacionista been?

On these important topics, it is necessary to ask: What real knowledge has our
administration inspector on the insects and the threats to their populations? ;
what approaches  is necessary to consider to establish areas and protected
species? ; which administration measures would have to put in practice?......
Before this situation of not knowing that protect and how to make it, the
competent organism in the topic it could orchestrate a law that protects
everything, for maybe". In one way, it is evident that a legislation is not
only enough to avoid the extinction of species in danger, because they know each
other cases of protected species that they have extinguished, even among
Lepidopterons (butterflies). But also, on the other hand, a Restrictivelly
legislation in scientific terms is aberrant, to prevent
theoretically, the study and cataloguing of the insects that  need of
samplings and laboratory works for their correct determination. Evidently the
protection and conservation problem requires an immediate solution by
specialists in the topic... but it  continues without  solution.
After an analysis of the relationship of our species, we can affirm especially
the great current ignorance on the situation of those populations of
Lepidopterons and of which the true reasons are (natural
causes or due to the human activity) of their decrease, wich derives in a great
paradox when facing with their protection: How do we seek to conserve what we
don't still know?
In a next future, and particularly for the prospecting of new areas of entomológical
interest, they will be considered like a strategy of conservation, accompanied
to the margin of other protection measures, of investigation and study of the
requirements of the species, their biology and
their situation in each place and moment, like they coincide most of those
authors conservacionistas.
And here the fan's importance is pointed out who for its passion in the
knowledge and observation of the nature, offer their great contribution to the
science: providing and carrying out serious reports that
they constitute the source of the scientific study; since, it is impossible that
a professional in the matter can capture and to determine so many species
different in the different corners of the country, during all the times of the
year, and parallelly to develop their specific studies of laboratory.
The preliminary results on the distribution of the Argentine,Lepidopterous, they
will demonstrate that a high number of considered vulnerable species or in
extinction danger don´t always coincide with the protected areas, and the
reverse The arguments to keep in mind when you plan the protection areas will
consider the causal of its possible extinction: vulnerability, disappearance of
their nutricia,  plant
destruction or biotopos alteration for prunings and uncontrollable deforestation
incontrolada,
urbanismo, industrialization, exotic forest repopulation, climatic, changes
atmospheric pollution, invasion of their hábitat for overgrowths, use of
pesticidas, etc.
It is time that our governing offer the logistical and financial support
necessary and indispensable to carry out these tasks, taking the due conscience
about the importance that have the organisms
inferior in the nature.

For it, these conservacionists measures should ALREADY be taken, before
let us regret to remember: "That beautiful world that
we had and we didn't
know how to take care."


Andrés Eugenio Varga


¿HOW TO START?

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